Sunday, July 12, 2009
Swarovski (Austrian) Crystal was established by Daniel Swarovski in 1895, shortly after his invention of an automatic crystal cutting machine. These precision-cut lead crystals are made as a luxury good in the form of beads, rhinestones, pendants, crystal sculptures and miniatures, chandeliers and the like. Swarovski crystal contains approximately 32% lead to maximize light refraction. Special coatings are sometimes given to the crystals to allow light to refract in a rainbow spectum, the most popular of which is Aurora Borealis, or "AB".